1962: Reverend Robert L. T. Smith becomes first African American to run for Congress since Reconstruction
February 1962: Council of Federated Organizations (COFO) founded
Council of Federated Organizations (COFO) formed to combat divisiveness between NAACP, SNCC, and CORE and strengthen movement in Mississippi.
Image: Sign that hung outside the COFO office in Philadelphia, Mississippi.
September 10, 1962: Federal Court orders Ole Miss to admit Meredith
The fifth U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals ordered James Meredith’s enrollment at Ole Miss to be “made effective immediately”
September 20, 1962: Governor Barnett blocks James Meredith’s admission to Ole Miss
September 30, 1962: Riots break out when James Meredith arrives on campus
French reporter Phil Guihard and juke box repairman Ray Gunter were killed and 160 marshals were injured. President Kennedy called in the National Guard and the Army, and within a few days, 23,000 soldiers had arrived in Oxford.
October 1, 1962: James Meredith enrolls in University of Mississippi
Meredith was finally admitted after riots killed two, prompting President Kennedy to send federal troops. Meredith’s enrollment at Ole Miss signaled the beginning of the end of segregation in the state’s public universities and colleges.