1901: Mississippi legislature purchases land in Sunflower County for state penitentiary

Construction began on the new Mississippi State Penitentiary, which became the main hub for Mississippi’s penal system.  It was operated as a farm and known as Parchman Farm, after its first warden, J. M. “Jim” Parchman.

1901: Ida B. Wells-Barnett publishes Lynching and the Excuse For It

The book outlined Wells-Barnett’s theory that lynching was used to maintain white supremacy by discouraging blacks from becoming involved in politics.

March 1901: Construction begins on new state capitol building in Jackson

New Capitol construction (MDAH Collection)
New Capitol construction
Link to the catalog

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