1890: Freedom Day celebrated

Freedom Day, Claiborne County (MDAH Collection)
Freedom Day, Claiborne County

Freedom Day, also known as Juneteenth or Emancipation Day, is celebrated on June 19 to commemorate the announcement of the abolition of slavery in Texas in 1865.

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1890: Mississippi Constitution of 1890 adopted

1890 Constitutional Convention Members (Museum of Mississippi History Collection)
1890 Constitutional Convention Members

By instituting poll taxes and literacy tests, the new constitution kept most African Americans and many poor whites from voting.

1890: Windsor, the largest antebellum mansion built in Mississippi, burns

Sketch of Windsor mansion
Sketch of Windsor mansion

The Windsor Plantation was located in Claiborne County near Port Gibson.

Image:  Photograph of sketch of Windsor mansion drawn by Henry Otis Dwight of the 20th Ohio Infantry during the Civil War (original in collection of Ohio Historical Society).

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1890: John M. Stone returns as Mississippi’s thirty-third governor

Stone served from 1890 to 1896.

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1890: Grand Opera House opens in Meridian

Interior of Grand Opera House - Meridian (MDAH Collection)
Interior of Grand Opera House - Meridian

The first performance at the opera house was The Gypsy Baron by Johann Strauss, performed entirely in German.

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1890: James K. Vardaman is elected to state legislature

A fierce advocate of white supremacy, Vardaman would go on to serve as governor from 1904 to 1908. He remained a force in Mississippi politics for decades after his term as governor.

1890: Campbell College organized at Bethel A.M.E. Church in Vicksburg

Campbell College was the first African American college in Mississippi to be established without the aid of whites.  Sponsored by the African Methodist Episcopal Church, it had campuses at Vicksburg and Friar’s Point.  These were consolidated in 1898 and moved to Jackson near Jackson State College.  Campbell College closed in 1965.

1890: Millsaps College established in Jackson

Millsaps College postcard (MDAH Collection)
Millsaps College postcard

Millsaps was founded with a gift of $50,000 from Major Reuben Webster Millsaps, with matching contributions from Mississippi Methodists.  A native of Pleasant Valley, Mississippi, Major Millsaps devoted his life to Millsaps.  Grenada and Whitworth colleges later merged with Millsaps.

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