1874: Adelbert Ames becomes Mississippi’s thirtieth governor

Governor Adelbert Ames (MDAH Collection)
Governor Adelbert Ames

Ames served from 1874 to 1876.

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1874: Vicksburg city elections and riots

Letter to Governor Ames (MDAH Collection)
Letter to Governor Ames

White citizens organized to oppose the policies and actions of the state’s Reconstruction government.  When federal authorities refused requests from state officials to send army troops to the town, the threatened riot broke out.  Thirty-one people were killed.

Image:   Letter to Governor Ames, signed with the initial “M,” giving “secret” information on the Vicksburg riot.

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1874: Blanche K. Bruce becomes the first African American United States Senator

Blanche K. Bruce (MDAH Collection)
Blanche K. Bruce

In 1879, Bruce became the first African American to preside over the Senate. He was appointed by President James Garfield as the Register of the Treasury in 1881.

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