1870: James L. Alcorn becomes Mississippi’s twenty-eighth governor

Governor James L. Alcorn (MDAH Collection)
Governor James L. Alcorn

Alcorn served from 1870-1871.

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1870: Hiram R. Revels of Mississippi becomes first African American seated in the United States Senate

"The Swearing in of the First Negro Senator of the United States" (MDAH Collection)
"The Swearing in of the First Negro Senator of the United States"

As of 2010, Revels is one of only six African Americans ever to have served in the United States Senate.

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1870: Mississippi’s first system of public education established

Teacher's Certificate
Teacher's Certificate

1870: First Chinese immigrants recruited to Mississippi

Recruited as a solution to the labor upheaval caused by emancipation, the earliest Chinese laborers were concentrated in Washington County, Mississippi.

1870: Robert E. Lee I defeats Natchez VI in Great Riverboat Race

The trophy was a set of golden elk antlers.

1870: Force Acts of 1870 used to enforce civil rights provisions of the Constitution

Ku Klux Klan Hood
Ku Klux Klan Hood

Due to escalating intimidation tactics by the Ku Klux Klan and other groups, Congress passed a series of four acts from 1870 to 1875 to protect the civil rights guaranteed by the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments, penalizing any interference with the registration, voting, officeholding, or jury service of African Americans.

1870: Jackson Field Hand, African American newspaper, founded

February 23, 1870: Mississippi readmitted into the Union

State government was reestablished and the Fourth Military District abolished.

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