1830: Oakland College in Claiborne County founded by Presbyterians

Oakland College (MDAH Collection)
Oakland College

The campus eventually became the home of Alcorn College, now Alcorn State University in Lorman.

Link to the catalog

1830: Lowndes County created

Map of Mississippi, ca. 1828-1830 (MDAH Collection)
Map of Mississippi, ca. 1828-1830
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January 1830: Mississippi Legislature passes act to extend jurisdiction over all Indians within state’s boundaries

Acts of the General Assembly 1817-1857 (MDAH Collection)
Acts of the General Assembly 1817-1857

The Legislature was emboldened by the election as president of Andrew Jackson, a strong advocate of Indian removal.

Image: The first page of “An Act to Extend the laws of the State of Mississippi over the persons and property of the Indians resident within its limits.”

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February 1830: Planters’ Bank in Natchez chartered by state legislature

An Act to Establish a Planters' Bank (MDAH Collection)
An Act to Establish a Planters' Bank

Funds were transferred from the old Bank of the State of Mississippi to meet high demand for capital generated by the public lands made available by the Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek.

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March 1830: Greenwood Leflore becomes chief of Choctaw Nation

Greenwood Leflore (MDAH Collection)
Greenwood Leflore

The son of a French trader and Choctaw woman, Leflore signed the Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek later that year and was rewarded with a thousand acres of land. Leflore went on to become a successful planter and a state senator.

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September 27, 1830: Choctaw nation cedes remaining Mississippi lands in Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek

In return, the Choctaws were given land west of the Mississippi River. Thousands of Choctaws relocated westward. Several thousand stayed because the treaty promised every remaining Choctaw family 640 acres, but corrupt officials reneged on the promise. The Choctaws who stayed are the ancestors of the Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians whose tribe thrives today in Noxubee County.

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