In the late eighteenth century, corrupt Georgia officials had issued fraudulent land contracts. Congress set aside $5 million from public land sales to compensate claimants.
March 1814: Congress compensates Yazoo land fraud victims
March 27, 1814: Andrew Jackson’s army defeats Red Sticks at Horseshoe Bend
This battle killed more Native Americans than any other in American history and ended the Creek War.
August 14, 1814: Creeks cede 23 million acres in the Treaty of Fort Jackson
The United States gained land, including three-fifths of the future state of Alabama and one-fifth of Georgia. Thousands of immigrants poured into the region, leading to the eventual formation of the states of Mississippi (1817) and Alabama (1819).