Pushmataha

On February 8, 2011, in Digital Archives, Portraits, by Amanda
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Pushmataha. Call Number: PI/COL/1984.0002 (MDAH Collection)
Pushmataha. Call Number: PI/COL/1984.0002 (MDAH Collection)

Pushmataha (c.1764-1824) was a leader of the Choctaws during Mississippi’s territorial years and early days of statehood. He was noted for working with the government while also trying to preserve the culture of his people. He joined forces with the Misssissippi militia against the Creeks in 1813 and also fought with United States during the War of 1812. Pushmataha served as a Choctaw representative at the negotiations which led to the Treaty of Doak’s Stand in 1820. He died a hero and is buried in the Congressional Cemetery in Washington, D.C. Pushmataha is a member of the Mississippi Hall of Fame and his portrait hangs in the Hall of Fame exhibit at the Old Capitol Museum in Jackson.

Source: Westley F. Busbee, Jr., Mississippi: A History (Wheeling, Illinois: Harlan Davidson, Inc., 2005), 65, 76, 81.

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This month we’ll highlight our State Historical Marker program by featuring markers that are associated with the month of October from around the state. The photographs of the markers are by Gerald Johnston, who in an amazing feat, photographed most of the historical markers in Mississippi. Used with permission.

Located on Hwy. 16, a few hundred feet west of Hwy. 17 (Madison County)

Marker text must be challenging to write–imagine condensing an important event or person down to just a few words, when probably whole books were written about the subject! It almost seems like an impossible task, but the historical markers we’ve seen here do a great job of giving the highlights on their subjects. They pique your interest or impart a fun historical fact to know. Most importantly they honor the memory of what is written on them (in 574 words/spaces or less!).

Historical markers commemorate historic events, places, and people from Mississippi history. Over 800 have been placed at sites throughout Mississippi. For more information about historical markers and sponsor application forms, visit the State Historical Marker webpage. Special thanks to William Thompson, coordinator of the marker program, for compiling the October markers.

Clarksdale Bell

On September 29, 2010, in Artifacts, Museums & Historic Sites, by Amanda
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Accession Number: 1990.2.1 (Museum of Mississippi History Collection)

This Clarksdale Bell from the collection of the Museum of Mississippi History was a trade bell, or a small trinket used by early Spanish explorers as a trade item with the native population. Clarksdale Bells were the earliest variety of trade bells, and the ones found in Mississippi are most likely associated with Hernando de Soto’s 1539-1543 expedition.

Artifacts in the collection of the Museum of Mississippi History are available for viewing by appointment only. Please contact Cindy Gardner, Director of Collections or Nan Prince, Asst. Director of Collections by email to schedule an appointment.

Winterville Mounds

On August 18, 2010, in Artifacts, Museums & Historic Sites, by Amanda
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Winterville Mounds, near Greenville (Washington County), is the site of a prehistoric ceremonial center built by a Native American civilization that thrived from about A.D. 1000 to 1450. The mounds, part of the Winterville society’s religious system, were the site of sacred structures and ceremonies.

This artifact, made by the Winterville society, is a reproduction of the famed Cahokia “Tippets Bean Pot.” It was deposited in a grave site on Mound B, and was found by Jeffrey Brain during excavations in 1967. Cahokia was a Native American community near present day St. Louis, Missouri. There was contact between Cahokia and Winterville around 1200 A.D., but the extent of interaction between the two sites is unknown.

MDAH now administers Winterville Mounds, located on Mississippi Highway 1, six miles north of the intersection of Highways 82 and 1 in Greenville, and it is open to the public daily from dawn to dusk. The museum is open Monday-Saturday from 9 a.m.-5 p.m. and on Sunday from 1:30 p.m.-5 p.m. Admission is free. For more information, please contact the Winterville staff by phone at 662-334-4684 or by email.