Maps Digitized

On April 2, 2014, in Digital Archives, Maps, by Amanda
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Confederate map, 1862-1864. Call number: MA/92.0139(a) MDAH

Confederate map, 1862-1864. Call number: MA/92.0139(a) MDAH

These maps show Mississippi, Civil War battles, and Horn Island Pass. Click the map titles to view each map.

A new map of Mississippi with its roads & distances, 1836. Call number: MA/92.0070 (a). Link to the catalog.

Horn Island Pass, Mississippi Sound. Call number: MA/92.0100 (a). Link to the catalog.

Map of Louisiana, Mississippi, and Arkansas, 1860. Call number: MA/92.0115 (a). Link to the catalog.

Map of Louisiana, Mississippi, and Arkansas 1860. Call number: MA/92.0116 (a). Link to the catalog.

Confederate map, 1862–1864. Call number: MA/92.0139 (a). Link to the catalog.

Diagram of the surveying district South of Tennessee, 1841. Call number: MA/92.0166 (a). Link to the catalog.

A new map of Mississippi with its roads and distances, 1850. Call number: MA/92.0094 (a). Link to the catalog.

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Battle of Okolona: 150 Years Ago

On February 21, 2014, in Artifacts, by Amanda
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The Mississippi Civil War Sesquicentennial continues and in the coming months we will be highlighting Museum Division collections related to 1864 and the Civil War. Special thanks to Nan Prince, assistant director of collections, for writing this series.

Model 1860 Colt revolver owned by Captain William Bean Peery. Accession number: 1963.29.1 (Museum Division collection)

Model 1860 Colt revolver owned by Captain William Bean Peery. Accession number: 1963.29.1 (Museum Division collection)

Marching from Vicksburg, Union General William T. Sherman began a campaign to destroy the strategic railroad center of Meridian, Mississippi, in February 1864 and ordered Brigadier General William Sooy Smith to come down from Memphis to meet him in Meridian. Against Sherman’s orders, Smith delayed his departure for several days. Once in Mississippi, Smith’s seven thousand cavalry troops encountered minor resistance until they met with Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest’s troops in West Point on February 21. Smith retreated to Okolona, and Forrest pursued. On February 22, Forrest’s troops attacked Smith on the prairie outside Okolona. After a day of fighting, Smith retreated back toward Tennessee, thus jeopardizing Sherman’s Meridian Campaign. The Battle of Okolona resulted in one hundred U.S. casualties and fifty Confederate, including the loss of Colonel Jeffrey Forrest, the brother of Nathan Bedford Forrest.

This Model 1860 Colt revolver belonged to Captain William Bean Peery of the Fifth Mississippi Cavalry. It was originally issued to Marias Kelly of Company C, Seventh Indiana Cavalry, who was taken prisoner at the Battle of Okolona, February 22, 1864.

Sources:

http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/ms013.htm

http://mshistorynow.mdah.state.ms.us/articles/2/shermans-meridian-campaign-a-practice-run-for-the-march-to-the-sea

http://www.okolona.org/aboutbattle.html

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List of Negroes employed on fortifications near Columbus, Miss., 1863, page one. Series 608 (MDAH)

List of Negroes employed on fortifications near Columbus, Miss., 1863, page one. Series 608 (MDAH)

A “List of Negroes employed on fortifications near Columbus, Miss., 1863″ (part of Series 608: Miscellaneous Civil War Documents) was recently digitized. It is a twelve-page list of slaves impressed to work on the fortifications near Columbus, Mississippi. The list is from Headquarters, 4th Brigade, Miss. State Troops. It gives the owner’s name of each slave and the slave’s name, age, complexion, and height. Implements, if any, brought by each slave are also listed.

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The Battle of Chattanooga

On November 22, 2013, in Artifacts, by Amanda
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The Mississippi Civil War Sesquicentennial continues and in the coming months we will be highlighting Museum Division collections related to 1863 and the Civil War. Special thanks to Nan Prince, assistant director of collections, for writing this series.

November 23–25, 1863: The Battle of Chattanooga

Flag of the 10th Regiment, Mississippi Infantry. Accession number: 1968.46.1 (Museum Division collection)

Flag of the 10th Regiment, Mississippi Infantry. Accession number: 1968.46.1 (Museum Division collection)

In the fall of 1863, Union and Confederate armies engaged in several clashes in northern Georgia and southern Tennessee that were fought to determine control of the strategic rail center of Chattanooga, Tennessee. After the defeat of the Union army at the Battle of Chickamauga, General Ulysses S. Grant deployed troops that had been stationed in Mississippi to the area. On November 23 and 24, Union troops pushed Braxton Bragg’s Army of Tennessee troops out of their defensive positions at Orchard Knob and Lookout Mountain. The battle ended on November 25 after troops under General George H. Thomas scaled the heights of Missionary Ridge in one of the greatest charges of the war, breaking the Confederate line. The battle for Chattanooga was over, and Union forces controlled the town that General Sherman would use as his supply base for his march to Atlanta and the sea the next spring.

Flag of the 41st Regiment, Mississippi Infantry. Accession number: 1962.182.1 (Museum Division collection)

Flag of the 41st Regiment, Mississippi Infantry. Accession number: 1962.182.1 (Museum Division collection)

A number of Mississippi regiments fought in the Chattanooga Campaign, including the 10th and 41st Mississippi Infantries whose flags are pictured here.

This sword belonged to Colonel James A. Campbell of the 27th Mississippi Infantry. He was taken prisoner at the Battle of Lookout Mountain, sent to Johnson’s Island Prisoner of War camp in Ohio, and died there on February 4, 1864.

James A. Campbell's sword. Accession number: 1984.59.1ab (Museum Division collection)

James A. Campbell’s sword. Accession number: 1984.59.1ab (Museum Division collection)

Source: “History and Culture,” Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park, National Park Service, http://www.nps.gov/chch/historyculture/index.htm.

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Mississippi Archives Month 2013

On October 1, 2013, in Archives, by Amanda
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Each October the nation celebrates our country’s rich historical collections. The Mississippi Historical Records Advisory Board and the Society of Mississippi Archivists are co-sponsoring a poster entitled Mississippi: Articles of War, 1861-1865 to promote Mississippi Archives Month 2013. The poster features images, drawings, and documents of the era and encourages all Mississippians to learn more about life in Mississippi during the Civil War by visiting local archives, libraries, museums, and historical societies.

Several Mississippi institutions will present events commemorating Archives Month. For example, as part of the “Downtown on Display” collaborative open house in Jackson, the William F. Winter Archives and History Building will be open from 2:00-5:00 p.m. on Saturday, October 5. Visitors will be able to view the exhibit “This Is Home”: Medgar Evers, Mississippi, and the Movement, see treasures from the collections of the Archives and Records Services Division, and meet with staff to discuss collections care and donation.

For information about events during Archives Month throughout Mississippi, please visit www.msarchivists.org. For information about celebrations nationwide, visit www.statearchivists.org.

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