Collections Blog

Unearthing the Advertising Commission Posters

On December 18, 2013, in Archives, Government Records, by Dorian Randall
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Chloe Edwards, of the Government Records Section, brings us this post in an ongoing series about Mississippi Advertising Commission posters. Many thanks to Ms. Edwards for sharing these fun artifacts.

 

A Mississippi Advertising Commission poster. Series 552, MDAH.

A Mississippi Advertising Commission poster. Series 552, MDAH.

Government records staff at MDAH were aware that Series 552 of the Mississippi Advertising Commission Records contained many oversized items. Because the series had been minimally processed, it remained unexamined until the processing backlog had shrunk. It was then that they found this set of posters, in excellent condition despite being over seventy-five years old.

Series 552 also contains a set of feature stories produced by the Advertising Commission on different aspects of the state, including forestry, cotton, show horses, the Natchez pilgrimage, and winter legumes, which ran every other week from July 1938 to September 1939; an industrial promotion kit intended for use by local civic clubs or chambers of commerce promoting bond issues to finance industrial development in their town, which includes a set of posters plus cartoons and a feature story to be run in the local newspaper; and a set of copper printing plates used to produce the Commission’s “Historical Mississippi” brochure, although the brochure cover plate depicts a different design than that depicted on the brochure in this series.

 

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Mississippians at Pearl Harbor

On December 6, 2013, in Digital Archives, Photographs, by Amanda
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Wreckage of USS Arizona, Library of Congress, call number: LC-USE62- D-OA-000189 [P&P]

Wreckage of USS Arizona, Library of Congress, call number: LC-USE62- D-OA-000189 [P&P]

December 7 marks the seventy-second anniversary of the attack on Pearl Harbor. MDAH historian Mike Allard compiled this list of Mississippians lost that day using official Navy casualty lists, the American Battle Monuments Commission database, and local newspapers.

U.S.S. Arizona
Bond, Burnis L.—Wiggins, Stone Co.
Carter, Paxton T.—Hattiesburg, Forrest Co.
Chadwick, Charles B.—Rena Lara, Coahoma Co.
Dial, John B.—Hattiesburg, Forrest Co.
Fortenberry, Alvie C.—Magnolia, Pike Co.
Green, Glen H.—Paulding, Jasper Co.
Menefee, James A.—Jackson, Hinds Co.
Molpus, Richard P.—Meridian, Lauderdale Co.
Moody, Robert E.—Utica, Hinds Co.
Murphy, Jessie H.—Picayune, Hancock Co.
Oglesby, Lonnie H.—Jackson, Hinds Co.
Ruddock, Cecil R.—Pass Christian, Harrison Co.
Smith, Walter T.—Gunnison, Bolivar Co.
Thornton, George H.—Blue Springs, Union Co.
White, Volmer D.—Kokomo, Marion Co.

U.S.S. California
Clark, Cullen B.—Laurel, Jones Co.
Curtis, Herbert S. Jr.—Kilmichael, Montgomery Co.

U.S.S. Oklahoma
Davenport, James W. Jr.—Hattiesburg, Forrest Co.
Ferguson, Charlton H.—Kosciusko, Attala Co.
Johnston, Jim H.—Wesson, Copiah Co.
Jones, Jerry—Stonewall, Clarke Co.
Thornton, Cecil H.–Mississippi
Wade, Durrell—Calhoun City, Calhoun Co.

U.S.S. West Virginia
Melton, John R.—Liberty, Amite Co.
Mister, Joe E.—Grenada, Grenada Co.

Hickam Field
Denson, Eugene B.—Canton, Madison Co.
Gossard, James E. Jr.—Electric Mills, Kemper Co.
Joyner, Theodore K. Jr.—Canton, Madison Co.

Wheeler Field
Everett, James—Canton, Madison Co.
Price, John A.—McComb, Pike Co.

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Chloe Edwards, of the Government Records Section, brings us this post in an ongoing series about Mississippi Advertising Commission posters. Many thanks to Ms. Edwards for sharing these fun artifacts.

A Mississippi Advertising Commission poster

A Mississippi Advertising Commission poster wishing all a Happy Thanksgiving. Series 552, MDAH

In 1936, the Mississippi legislature established the Advertising Commission as part of the Balance Agriculture with Industry (BAWI) program, championed by Governor Hugh White. The Commission promoted the BAWI and the state by encouraging Mississippians to pass bond issues to finance construction of industrial facilities. It also promoted Mississippi as an attractive destination for outside investment in industry and tourism. The Commission remained active until 1940, when its enabling legislation was repealed.

The posters strike two notes. The first highlights benefits of the program, including jobs, cash wages, and increased prosperity, and the hard work necessary to make the program successful. The second theme promotes Mississippi to outsiders. Conscious of the state’s reputation as poor and limited, a set of state maps advertises its schools, agricultural riches, history, literature, and recreational opportunities. The posters appear to have been intended for publication as full page newspaper ads.

 

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The Battle of Chattanooga

On November 22, 2013, in Artifacts, by Amanda
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The Mississippi Civil War Sesquicentennial continues and in the coming months we will be highlighting Museum Division collections related to 1863 and the Civil War. Special thanks to Nan Prince, assistant director of collections, for writing this series.

November 23–25, 1863: The Battle of Chattanooga

Flag of the 10th Regiment, Mississippi Infantry. Accession number: 1968.46.1 (Museum Division collection)

Flag of the 10th Regiment, Mississippi Infantry. Accession number: 1968.46.1 (Museum Division collection)

In the fall of 1863, Union and Confederate armies engaged in several clashes in northern Georgia and southern Tennessee that were fought to determine control of the strategic rail center of Chattanooga, Tennessee. After the defeat of the Union army at the Battle of Chickamauga, General Ulysses S. Grant deployed troops that had been stationed in Mississippi to the area. On November 23 and 24, Union troops pushed Braxton Bragg’s Army of Tennessee troops out of their defensive positions at Orchard Knob and Lookout Mountain. The battle ended on November 25 after troops under General George H. Thomas scaled the heights of Missionary Ridge in one of the greatest charges of the war, breaking the Confederate line. The battle for Chattanooga was over, and Union forces controlled the town that General Sherman would use as his supply base for his march to Atlanta and the sea the next spring.

Flag of the 41st Regiment, Mississippi Infantry. Accession number: 1962.182.1 (Museum Division collection)

Flag of the 41st Regiment, Mississippi Infantry. Accession number: 1962.182.1 (Museum Division collection)

A number of Mississippi regiments fought in the Chattanooga Campaign, including the 10th and 41st Mississippi Infantries whose flags are pictured here.

This sword belonged to Colonel James A. Campbell of the 27th Mississippi Infantry. He was taken prisoner at the Battle of Lookout Mountain, sent to Johnson’s Island Prisoner of War camp in Ohio, and died there on February 4, 1864.

James A. Campbell's sword. Accession number: 1984.59.1ab (Museum Division collection)

James A. Campbell’s sword. Accession number: 1984.59.1ab (Museum Division collection)

Source: “History and Culture,” Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park, National Park Service, http://www.nps.gov/chch/historyculture/index.htm.

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Washington County (side 1). Call number: MA/2003.0245(a) MDAH

Washington County (side 1). Call number: MA/2003.0245(a) MDAH

Washington [County]. Call number: MA/2003.0244(a). Link to the catalog.

Washington County. Call number: MA/2003.0245(a). Link to the catalog.

Map of Washington County, Mississippi : showing drainage canals, public roads, railroads and public levee. Call number: MA/2003.0256(a). Link to the catalog.

Lowndes. Call number: MA/2003.0285(b). Link to the catalog

Map of Lee County, Mississippi. Call number: MA/2003.0289(b). Link to the catalog.

Map of Lee County, Mississippi. Call number: MA/2003.0292(b). Link to the catalog.

Lafayette County. Call number: MA/2003.0293(b). Link to the catalog.

Claiborne County, Mississippi. Call number: MA/2003.0297(b). Link to the catalog.

Inverness, Mississippi city map. Call number: MA/2003.0311(b). Link to the catalog.

DeSoto National Forest Holly Springs purchase unit, Mississippi, Chickasaw meridian. Call number: MA/2002.0121(a)/no.1. Link to the catalog.

DeSoto National Forest Bienville purchase unit Mississippi, Choctaw, meridian. Call number: MA/2002.0121(a)/no.2. Link to the catalog.

DeSoto National Forest Delta Purchase Unit, Mississippi, Washington and Choctaw meridian. Call number: MA/2002.0121(a)/no.3. Link to the catalog.

DeSoto National Forest Homochitto purchase unit, Mississippi, Washington meridian. Call number: MA/2002.0121(a)/no.4. Link to the catalog.

Big Black River basin Big Black River and tributaries, Mississippi. Call number: MA/2002.0153(a). Link to the catalog.

Pearl & Big Black rivers and minor tributaries in Louisiana and Mississippi. Call number: MA/2002.0170(a). Link to the catalog.