Clinton Riot of 1875 Topic of Lecture - posted January 09, 2014
At noon on Wednesday, September 3, as part of the History Is Lunch Series, Dr. Douglas Richardson will present "The 1875 Clinton Riot: The End of an Era; Prelude to an Assassination."
The Clinton Riot marked the beginning of the end of Reconstruction in Mississippi. A large gathering of blacks, more than 1,500 according to estimates, at a Republican political rally ended up in an altercation with some whites from Raymond, Mississippi. About ten people were killed in the initial fighting. That evening whites from Vicksburg and Bolton arrived in Clinton and began to systematically search for and kill blacks. More than one hundred are estimated to have been killed. The Clinton Riot and other disorders in the state intimidated blacks, and whites regained control of Mississippi state government in the November 1875 election.
"One of the forgotten martyrs and champions of the rights of all people in Mississippi was state senator Charles Caldwell," said Richardson. "The story of the Clinton Riot is also the story of Charles Caldwell and his contemporaries, those that supported him and those bitterly opposed to his objectives."
Douglas Richardson is the retired chief of pathology and medical director of laboratories for River Oaks Hospital in Flowood. Born in Memphis in 1947, he was reared in Clinton and graduated from Mississippi College. He earned his M.D. from the University of Mississippi School of Medicine and was attending pathologist at Vanderbilt University Medical Center, pathologist-in-chief and director of laboratories at the Research Medical Center in Kansas City, Missouri. He retired from practice in 2013.
Unless otherwise noted, History Is Lunch programs are held on the first floor of the William F. Winter Archives and History Building.
September 10: Artist Roland Golden will discuss his book Life, Love, and Art in the French Quarter.
September 17: Old Capitol Museum historian Michael Stoll will present "Monuments to Democracy: The Fifty State Capitols." This program will be held at the Old Capitol Museum.
September 24: Robert Blade will talk about his book Tupelo Man, a biography of newspaper publisher George McLean. Book sales and signing to follow.
October 1: Curtis Wilkie will talk about his book Assassins, Eccentrics, Politicians, and Other Persons of Interest: Fifty Pieces from the Road. Book sales and signing to follow. This program will be held at the Old Capitol Museum.
October 8: Civil rights movement leader Rev. Edwin King will talk about his book Mississippi: Behind the Scenes of Freedom Summer. Book sales and signing to follow. This program will be held at the Old Capitol Museum.
October 15: Archaeologist John O'Hear will talk about the Mississippi Mound Trail for Archaeology Month.
October 22: Jacksonian Tim Whitsett--musician, music publisher, songwriter, producer, and author--will talk about his international career in music.
October 29: Old Capitol Museum staff will present a preview of the program "Present Meets Past." This program will be held at the Old Capitol Museum.
November 5: Historian Walter Howell will talk about his new history of Clinton, Mississippi, Town and Gown.
November 12: Deborah Thomas, Library of Congress, will talk about "Chronicling America."
November 19: Carolyn J. Brown will talk about her book Song of My Life: A Biography of Margaret Walker.
For more information about any of these programs, contact the Mississippi Department of Archives and History.