Arriving at New York

On August 26, 2013, in Manship House, by mjones
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Stereoview of New York City from East River Bridge.

The Manships traveled aboard the Utopia, reaching New York City after a twelve day journey at sea from Glasgow, Scotland.  After spending one night in New York, they traveled by rail to Niagara Falls and continued on to Chicago, where they admired the new buildings constructed after the Great Chicago Fire of 1871.  Charles Henry and Adaline sent Kate home on the train, and continued on toward St. Paul, Minnesota to visit their son and new grandchild.  Charles Henry described their travels in his journal:

Thursday Aug 27th 1874

Found us at quarenteens at the port of New York all well.  We put at the Pacific Hotel where we stopped on our outward bound trip.  Got good airy front rooms.  Went up to Glewarts in the afternoon & made some purchases was at home to tea & early to bed having lost much rest the later days of the voyage.  Had a good nights rest & was much refreshed thereby.

Friday Aug 28th 1874

Went up & bought my tickets and after attending to some little business returned to our room & completed packing up preparatory to a start at 7 oclock P.M. by Erie Rail Road through by way of Niagara Falls & Canada taking RR Coach at Jersey City at Seven oclock PM

Saturday Aug 29th 1874

After a hard nights run and abortive efforts to sleep, reached Niagara Falls & crossed Suspension Bridge in full view of all the falls but at such a distance as to listen very greatly the grandeur of the Scene.  Changing Coach for Detroit again under way & the P.M. reaching Detroit at 10 P.M. without change of car for Chicago where we arrived at 8 oclock next morning all well.

Sunday Aug 30th 1874

Went to Hotel & at 8 1/2 oclock took breakfast went to our room washed up a little and made an effort to rest.  Not very successful however.  I took a strole for an hour through what is called the old burnt district, now generally replaced by for the most part Magnificent buildings I have seen in Europe or America indeed Chicago is unsurpassed as far as splendor & quantity of fine buildings all considered.  In the afternoon my wife Kate & myself had another strole around the city for over an hour and were amazed at the truly grand display in architecture on every hand.  Returned to our hotel, had Tea and at 8 oclock PM seated Kate on train for Home.  Wife and Self taking 10 oclock train for St Paul.

 

At Sea Aboard the Utopia

On August 19, 2013, in Manship House, by mjones
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Nineteenth century stereoview of men on deck.

The Manships departed from Glasgow Saturday, August 15, 1874, aboard the ship Utopia, bound for New York.  Their journey began with waves “running to mountainous proportions,” for the first few days, as Charles Henry Manship described in his journal.  The rough sea caused many to become seasick, including Adaline and Kate Manship.  They passed the time playing games and discussing issues of the day, and often ended the evenings with music and singing around the piano.  Manship described the journey in his journal:

Monday Aug 24th 1874

Off the Banks of Newfoundland.  Smooth sea but long heavy swell wind from S.E. light & balmy.  Sun refused to arise clear this morning at 9 1/2 oclock.  Commenced raining all have a locked up some playing checkers some chess & others writing up their travels.  Kate better this morning & out to breakfast but tooth still aching.  A child of one of the steerage passengers died today and berried soon after sunset, we were out at the funeral in the rain a short prayer by Rev. Mr Scott and the poor little child was let down into the great ocean.  We are within 48 hours run now of N. York of course all anxious for the end of the voyage.  The voyagers with very few exceptions are quite agreeable & the time has been passed rather pleasantly.

Tuesday Aug 25th 1874

Sun arose bright and beautiful this morning with light wind from N.W. all sail spread & a light sea.  Everybody cheerful and anxious to see the shore.  Kate still quite bad with the tooth ache.  Not out to breakfast up to lunch and feeling better passed up to 4 p.m. 5 ships.  Mother Careys chickens [storm petrels] in quantities are following our ship today all the passengers out the day being bright and pleasant this the first day the birds have followed us.  At 3 1/2 oclock a little sparrow came on board & is flying about the rigging, much to the amusement of the little children & indeed every body seems happy except Kate who is still tormented to some extent with her tooth.

 

Departure

On August 12, 2013, in Manship House, by mjones
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Nineteenth century stereoview of a ship departing.

After nearly three months abroad, Charles Henry, Adaline, and Kate Manship bid farewell to their friends in Glasgow, and boarded the ship Utopia, bound for New York.  Charles Henry recorded their departure in his journal:

Saturday Aug 15th 1874

Being the day fixed for our departure, we were early astir packing & getting ready to leave.  At 12 oclock were on board our good ship all the friends down to see us off, the parting was painful to us all in the extreme, all feeling so imposed that we would scarcely meet again Especially the older ones of us.  At 2 oclock p.m. our mooring were cast loose and we were afloat for our far distant Home amid tears and the waving of handkerchiefs.  Slowly but steadily we lost sight of those dear friends who by their multiple acts of kindness had so entwined themselves around our hearts.  Reaching Greenock at about 4 oclock found a lighter with a large freight which consumed nearly 5 hours in getting aboard at 9 oclock we were again under way at 10 1/2 went to bed all being quite well, but still sad parting.

Sunday morning Aug 16th, at 6 oclock reached Morell where were detained about 3 hours awaiting steamer from Londonderry.  Got underway about 9 oclock with about 60 persons in the cabin and maybe 200 in the steerage.  The day bright & beautiful but fresh breese ahead the wind gradually arise to quite a heavy blow and towards night the sea was running very high indeed higher than we had seen on our trip out at any time the sea running to mountainous proportions.  Every body almost sea sick, Kate very sick and much alarmed.  Mrs. M sick but not aparantly much, I came up to the present I had no sickness gut occasionally quamish – went to bed but the roughness of the sea allowed of little sleep almost every body sick only 4 at my table.

 

On to Edinborough

On July 29, 2013, in Manship House, by mjones
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Stereoview of Stirling Castle, Scotland.

Charles Henry Manship celebrated his 62nd birthday July 31, 1874, in Scotland.  He described the day in his journal:

Glasgow July 31st 1874

Went to the Clyde & examined the Steamer Utopia which had arrived the previous day.  She is a beautiful steamer about the same tonage of the Bolivia.  We expect to sail in her for America on 18th August.  Returned to the house at 1/2 past 2 oclock, had dinner and at 3 oclock started for Edinborough where we arrived at 6 in the evening – Were taken to the residences of Mr James S. Smith son in law to our friend Mr James Smith.  We were very kindly received by the family.  Spent a pleasant evening and being a little tired went to our beds early.

Edinborough Aug 1st 1874

After a very refreshing sleep had breakfast at 9 oclock and had a drive around this grand old city, the seat of learning and elegant life for Scotland.  We were driven to all the places of importance passing up Princes Street by the celebrated Scotts Monument Museum and many other fine Structures on our way to the Castle [Stirling Castle] which is built upon an Eminence rising 7 to 8 hundred feet above the Sea and is a Marvel of Natural Grandure.  On the side facing the city & the sea is perfectly perpendicular defying approach in these directions to the Summit but is of easy access from the rear a good carriage road up to the Castle gate.  Here we have a most splendid view of the city, the sea at two miles distance and the multitude of high hills & mountains surrounding the city in the rear.  We went into several of the apartments noted for events in the far back history of Scotland…

 

 

A Visit to Sterling Castle

On July 12, 2013, in Manship House, by mjones
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Nineteenth century stereoview of the Wallace Monument and Abbey Craig, Stirling, Scotland.

After the Manships returned to Glasgow, Scotland, they toured the city of Sterling upon the invitation of Mr. George Ure, a business associate of James Smith.  Manship described their visit in his journal, in his own words:

Tuesday July 13th 1874

Mr Geo Ure Sen[ior] invited my wife & self to visit the old historic City of Sterling we accepted & at 11 oclock his Splendid Waggonette was at the door with his footman as driver and his Coach Dog as outside.  Convay to this ancient and highly renowned old City a drive of nine mile brought in to the Hotel where we alighted there leaving our wrappings proceeded at once to Sterling Castle hear from its grand old dizzy hights a view incomparable break on this vision.  A beautiful valley of about 2 miles wide with a Serpent like winding of the River extending as far each way up and down as the eye will reach.  With lofty mountains reaching away up into the vast heavins in beautiful variety of lofty & still more lofty peaks all of which have their names and are closely linked in some terabel conflict of romance, War & poetry.  Oposit Sterling Castle & about Midway across the valley beneath rises Abby Craig wheron stands Bruces Monument, a beautiful specimen of Monumental Architecture.  This Craig rises 400 feet high & is about 40 feet higher than the castle hights as we were informed at this point, being as it were the throat of a great vally between the North & South of Scotland  Most of the great conflicts have been had and hear they have usually ended in favour of the Scotts in the castle we were shown many curious relics, the Pulpit from which Knox preached & his communion table, the chair where sat Mary Queen of Scotts & some other Sovereign.  We each sat down in thou old chairs.  Bought a fine mentory [momento] of the castle, after a ramble through the old castle grounds & looking at the great old structure returned to the Hotel and dinner then taking a Hack had a drive through the best part of the city and around the base of Sterling Castle.  It was as wonderful from below as its top…

 

Manships in London

On July 3, 2013, in Manship House, by mjones
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Nineteenth century stereoview of the Houses of Parliament, London.

After two weeks in Belgium, the Manships returned to London, where they spent two weeks exploring the world’s largest “modern” city.  They enjoyed the hospitality of James Smith’s close friends and relatives who lived in London.  Charles Henry Manship wrote about their experiences in a letter home:

     …Well after spending over two weeks on the Continent of Europe we returned to London where we remained about two weeks more.  I think I have already told you much that we saw whilst at Brussels and points we visited there and on the Rhine, so I shall only tell you something more of London.  We were the guests of Old Mr. Smith + Mrs. Dobson from whom we received the very kindest attention Mr. Smith + his family staying with Mr. Thin.  All of these kind friends being much at leisure gave us every attention carrying us to every place of interest in the great, this Enourmous [sic] City of London.  Mr. Thin was [illegible] attentive to me and knowing every place and everything perfectly, was a very great advantage he carried me to the Bank of England + having friends there I was enabled to see the workings of this great depository of the money of most of the world and as a matter of curiosity held within its walls Bank notes in my very own hands to the amount of millions of Gold, but unfortunately for me I had to come away and leave right there where I handled it.  He carried me to the Old Tower of London where I saw the wonders of the past History of England, the costumes and armes [sic] of all the Reigning Kings + Kingdoms from its earliest History down to the present day, all kept in the finest order.  I also saw the little close rooms where the State Prisoners were kept until taken out and had their heads chopped off + saw the Block and axe that was used in the amiable taking off.  Hear [sic] many men and women of Historic fame lost their precious heads.  We were at a great many picture galleries.  With Thousands + Thousands of the finest kinds of paintings + sculpture.  We were at the Crystal Palace one of the most wonderful structures in the world + is a small world within itself as all the novelties and queer things posabil [sic] for this world to produce is seen here, its size I cannot give you but is very large as you will certainly say when I tell you that the orchestra seats 5000 performers very comfortably + has an organ in it equal to a large three story house.  It is made exclusively of Iron + Glass has within it beautiful flower gardens, and even some quite large trees growing.  It has an aquarium of several hundred feet in length with all the strange Sea fish + Sea monsters known.  With Fountains and Every conceivable Splendour [sic] that the imagination can conger up + outside beautiful pick nick parks + grounds and still it does not meet the wants of this Great city and another is now being built even more spacious + grand….

 

Brussels Attractions

On June 28, 2013, in Manship House, by mjones
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Nineteenth century stereoview of a pulpit, Brussels, Belgium.

The Manships spent two weeks touring the sights in Brussels and the surrounding area.  Charles Henry Manship was particularly impressed by the architecture and its rich ornamental detail.  His journal entry for June 12, 1874, included the following:

...Passing through the arcade brought us to the street upon which the Cathedral St. Michael de Gudule where we spent about two hours, a description of this wonderful church would be impossible unless it were taken down whilst in it, there is several features that must be noticed a curiously carved pulpit designed to show the history from Adam and Eve to the coming of the Savior shown the artist to be a rare genius.  The Serpant is entwined curiously around and through a Labyrynth beautiful thought and execution commencing in the Garden of Eden and terminating at the dome of the pulpit where the head of the Serpant pertrudes and the Infant Jesus stands in triumph upon the monster head held by a beautiful female figure – - – It is certainly a masterpiece both in design and execution  The twelve Apostles are represented full size in the main aisle of the church at about 12 feet high on the collumns supporting the arches and in about twenty recesses stands a confessional where the priest can confess two at a time one to the right the other to the left and from the well worn kneeling steps many confessions have been made  There is 3 distinct ceremonial apartments, each highly enriched with relief work descriptive of many New Testament passages the Gothic windows in each about 30 feet high all also beautifully painted with some Scripture Emblims and all executed in the most exquisit style.   There is one of these apartments more exquisitly finished than the others – at the entrance of which I noted a place for contributions to get the unbelievers out of Purgetory with having no small change made no contributions.  But heartily wished the enterprise success…

 

 

Sightseeing in Brussels

On June 21, 2013, in Manship House, by mjones
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Nineteenth century stereoview of the Cathedral of St. Gudule, Brussels, Belgium.

Following their ten-day voyage, the Manships spent a few days at the Smith family home.  From there, they traveled by train to Brussels, Belgium, by way of London, Dover, and Calais, France.  In Brussels they toured many cathedrals, museums, gardens, and galleries and attended performances and events.  Excursions took them to Antwerp, Cologne, and other sites in the area and to view ancient palaces and Roman ruins.  Manship described their arrival to Brussels in his journal:

…We reached Brussels at 5 & 1/4 oclock where we landed [at] the finest Passenger Depot I have ever seen anywhere.  Our party numbering eleven were detained until a deputation went up to the central part of the city to make arrangements for quarters for the whole crowd at the same house.  Taking lodgings at the Windsor Hotel temporarily.  European hotels are not equal to the Hotels of the United States any where we have been.  The table fare is medium good but the comforts & conveniences are deficient in comparison.  Brussels is noted for its laces, carpets and many other fine products.  Its iron works have a world wide fame and many articles excells [sic].  At Brussels travelers are expected to bring their soap along with them if they intend enjoying any of its clendsing [sic] effects after a dusty R.R. ride.  Knowing which our party was each armed with his or her cake of soap.  The water here is hard and some good jokes was indulged in at an effort to make the soap and water work well together.  A few of our party walked out after tea to see the beautiful display in the shop windows.  We noticed the wide use made of dogs in Brussels.  They are used to harness and are employed in doing work of the light drayage.  The milk carts are drawn by them exclusively and indeed all light drayage is done by them, and they work with a will but are certain true to their instincts and growl & snarl at any dog coming their way.

…Sunday 14th June.  Had breakfast at 8 1/2 oclock and all went to the Grand Cathedral St Michael De Guilde [sic] and listened to the great choir sing some splendid airs accompanying the service of the church.  This choir consists of one hundred of the best singers in Brussels and of course we were highly entertained.  After the Service ended we again stroled [sic] through the Wilderness of Collumns [sic] & defiles of the great building reexamining the beauties of the structure and the grand painting of the immence [sic] windows & the gilding & finish on its arched domes, which are splendid far beyond description…

 

Meanwhile, Back at the Manship House

On May 30, 2013, in Manship House, by mjones
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Envelope addressed to Manship in Scotland, 1874. Call number Z/1129.000 MDAH Collection.

In 1874, the Manship household consisted of Mr. and Mrs. Manship and seven of the ten surviving children – all girls, ranging in age from nine to twenty-five years.  The Manships left their family in the charge of Charles Henry’s nephew Charles Clayland, a twenty-nine-year-old guard at the penitentiary.  Letters to and from Scotland were the only means of communication.  One letter home to daughters Addie and Anna reported that Charles Henry and Adaline,

…have passed through some very anxious days and hours on account of letters received from Charles Clayland relative to the serious illness of Jenny & Florence.  We had three or four letters from him in each of them till the last our fears had been much aroused for the recovery but knowing throughout that our very kind friends would be prompt and active in their attentions, and the impossibillity (sic) of any action on our part other than earnest prayer for their restoration and reliance on a merciful Heavenly father and the good offices of Dr Baly & our Dear Friends, had to await with as much patience as our anxiety would admit of for later and better news.  Well it came and the relief was that of a heavy load removed from our troubled hearts, Many thanks to those Friends who with so much promptness and zeal were with you as ministering angels.

Also living on the property were two African American domestic servants, Mose Davis, nineteen years old, and Daniel Willis, who was sixty-four.  A postscript to Manship’s letter states,

Tell Daniel and Mose to keep everything straight and all right till we get home at least C. H. M.

 

Journal of a Tour to Europe

On May 23, 2013, in Manship House, by mjones
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Charles Henry Manship.

In 1874, Charles Henry Manship and his wife Adaline and daughter Kate traveled to Glasgow, Scotland at the invitation of family friend, James Smith.  Manship made extensive entries about the trip in journals and letters, now in the collection of the Mississippi Department of Archives and History.  The following journal entry is in Manship’s own words:

Jackson Missi May 20th 1874.  My wife daughter Kate & myself started at 3 oclock A. M. for New York where we were to ship for Glasgow Scotland.  Arrived at N York on Saturday 23rd at 8 oclock A. M. put up at the Pacific Hotel.  After refreshing ourselves called at the offices of the Anchor Line of Steamers.  Secured our tickets for the trip or voyage across the Atlantic on the Good Ship Bolivia to sail on the following Tuesday, May 26th at 12 oclock hr.  This matter being disposed of we were at leisure to see as much of Gotham as Sunday, Monday & 1/2 of Tuesday would allow us.  At presizely 12 hr. Tuesday May 26th we set sail with fine weather passed out to sea at sun set.  Our beautiful ship of 425 feet length & 415 foot breadth is a masterpiece of nautical architecture.  Every part and parcel being as nearly perfection as any one traveling the great ocean.  The saloon being highly ornamental & the Music Hall above splendidly supplied with Parlor Organ, Piano, a fine Library & indeed all the comforts of life on shore or sea & being officed by Capt Morrow & a thorough Co of officers, the voyage was one of uneventful pleasure, with of course the usual, sea sickness attending a first voyage.  My wife & Kate having their full share.  Nothing of special interest occurring during our voyage except seeing the spouting of innumerable whales on the banks of Newfoundland and two or three Icebergs, two of them quite close to us.  The Cabin Passengers being from all parts of the Globe gave all the variety in that direction we could ask, the number being about 100 & Sterage passengers 175.  We made the trip in 10 1/2 days from port of N York to Glasgow, reaching the latter place at 6 oclock on Saturday morningWe found our friend Smith & his daughter Christina awaiting our arrival at the Anchor PeerMr Smith throwing to the breeze the Battle Flag of the 10th Missi Regiment Which had the effect of confusing me somewhat.  The bars in the corner of the flag being a close resemblance to the British Flag & the distance being so great as to prevent an identification of either person or Mr Smith or the Flag.  Still I could not but think it was him & a signal from him.  But as then the Pondrous ship was slowly drawn nearer & nearer to the peer, the whole mistery was solved & our Dear old Friends person identified which resulted in a wild shouting of joy from land & ship.