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Z 1129.000 S
MANSHIP FAMILY PAPERS

1847-1978
Box 8 is restricted; permission of manuscript curators is required for access.

Biography/History:

Charles Henry Manship, Sr.

Charles Henry Manship, the eldest son of Noah and Rebeccah Sangston Millington Manship, was born in Talbot County, Maryland, on July 31, 1812. Following the death of Noah Manship, the family moved to Baltimore where Charles Henry Manship was apprenticed to Edward Needles to learn the trade of ornamental chair painting. After completing his apprenticeship, Manship operated his own shop in Baltimore until 1835, when he left for New Orleans. Following brief stays in New Orleans, Natchez, and Vicksburg, Manship arrived in Jackson, Mississippi, in 1836. Manship came at a time when other craftsmen and artisans were being drawn to Jackson, a relatively new town with many public construction projects underway.

Manship had gone into business with James Waugh by March 1836, advertising as a house and sign painter and specializing in decorative painting. Manship also began working on the state capitol, supervised by David Daley, a New England craftsman. He married Daley’s daughter, Adeline, on December 12, 1838, and over the next twenty-six years, the couple had fifteen children, five of whom died in infancy. Please see chart below for children’s names, birth and death dates, and names of spouses.

For his family, Manship built a Gothic Revival home inspired by figure 128, "Cottage-Villa in the Rural Gothic Style," from Andrew Jackson Downing’s The Architecture of Country Houses (1857), at 412 East Fortification Street, a location which, at that time, was on the very outskirts of Jackson. Other notable Manship projects included the Jackson City Theatre (1839) and the window reglazing and painting of the Mississippi Governor’s Mansion (1856-1858).

Throughout his life, Charles Manship held many positions of importance in the city of Jackson. He was elected as an alderman in 1838, and he served several terms in that post. Manship served on the board of trustees for both the Blind Institute and the Insane Asylum. Appointed by Confederate president Jefferson Davis, he served as postmaster of Jackson for two years. Manship also served as mayor of Jackson for two terms (1862-1863) during the Civil War, and as mayor, he surrendered the city to General William T. Sherman in July of 1863.

Charles Manship died on June 21, 1895. Manship’s wife survived until 1903. The Manship family home was purchased by the state of Mississippi in 1975 from Ruby Traylor (Mrs. Dudley) Phelps, Sr., granddaughter-in-law of Charles Manship, Sr.

Children of Charles Henry and Adeline Daley Manship

Name Birth Date Death Date Spouse
Mary Rebecca  November 2, 1839  February 8, 1840  n.a.
James Daley  February 27, 1841  May 23, 1842  n.a.
Charles Henry, Jr.  February 16, 1843  February 2, 1911  Mary Etta Friend
David Daley  December 30, 1844  June 14, 1907  Louise Martin
Harriet (twin)  March 20, 1847  July 3, 1848  n.a.
Louisiana (twin)  March 30, 1847  July 4, 1848  n.a.
Adaline ("Addie")  February 16, 1849  December 23, 1903  never married
Catherine ("Kate")  December 1, 1850  1934  never married
Luther Phelps  April 16, 1853  1915  Mary Belmont
Anna Jane Jones ("Annie")  November 28, 1854  1942  Albert Galloway
Jessie ("Snowflake")  April 12, 1857  June 11, 1911  Charles Brougher
Boyd Montgomery  September 21, 1858  March 1, 1859  n.a.
Jane Dudley ("Jennie")  January 5, 1860  December 22, 1917  Davis Gordon
Minnie Phelps  June 8, 1862  n.d.  William Lewis
Florence Lee  October 9, 1864  n.d.  Edgar E. Smith

Luther Manship, Sr.

Luther Manship was the ninth of fifteen children of Charles Henry and Adeline Daley Manship. He was born in Jackson, Mississippi, on April 13, 1853. Manship married Belmont Phelps in 1881, and the couple had six children, including Judge Luther Manship, Jr., and Baton Rouge, Louisiana, publisher Charles Phelps Manship. Luther Manship wrote poetry and songs and entertained as a lecturer on the Southern lyceum circuit. He served as lieutenant governor of Mississippi from 1908 to 1912. Luther Manship died in 1915.

Luther Manship, Jr.

Luther Manship, Jr., was born on October 29, 1884, in Jackson, Mississippi. He was the first of six children of Luther and Belmont Phelps Manship. Manship attended Millsaps College and Vanderbilt University, and in 1908, he graduated from the University of Mississippi with bachelor of laws degree. Following graduation, Manship established his legal practice in Jackson and was elected police judge in 1910, a position he held for three terms.

Manship served as an artillery officer in World War I and held the rank of first lieutenant upon his discharge in April of 1919. When Manship returned from France, he resumed his legal practice. He married Louise Clarke of New York in 1929. The couple had no children. Manship was elected Hinds County Court judge in 1941, a position he held until his death in 1956.

Organizations of which Manship was a member included the American Legion, Hinds County Bar Association, Kappa Alpha Order, Lions Club, Masonic Order, Sons of Confederate Veterans, and Veterans of Foreign Wars. Manship was a charter member and president of the Pioneer Club of Jackson. He was also a member of St. Andrew’s Episcopal Church in Jackson.

In recognition of Manship’s role as the city’s first youth court judge under the new Youth Court Act, the Jackson City Council voted unanimously on January 15, 1969, to name the new youth court and detention center after him.

Scope and Content:

This collection contains correspondence; diaries; manuscripts; speeches; photographs; land records; estate records; business records; school papers; club records; certificates and awards; genealogical records; cards, invitations, and funeral notices; programs; Confederate monument material; broadsides, newsclippings, and scrapbooks; books and pamphlets; sheet music; and miscellany.

The correspondence concerns several generations of Manships. The bulk of the correspondence was generated by Luther and Belmont Phelps Manship during their courtship and the early years of their marriage. The collection also contains diaries kept by Charles Henry Manship, Sr., and the World War I diary of Luther Manship, Jr., as well as manuscripts and speeches of Charles Henry Manship, Sr., Luther Manship, Sr., and Luther Manship, Jr.

The photographs in the collection document the activities of many members of the nuclear and extended family, including photographs of publisher Charles Phelps Manship, son of Luther Manship, Sr., and sculptor Paul Manship, son of Charles Henry Manship, Jr. The collection also contains land and business records, newsclippings, scrapbooks, programs, school records, and nineteenth-century sheet music.

Series Identification:

  1. Correspondence. 1861-1919 (scattered); 1951; 1953; 1960-1970; n.d. 14 folders.

    This series contains incoming correspondence pertaining to three generations of Manships (Charles Henry, Sr.; Luther, Sr.; and Luther, Jr.), but the bulk of the series is composed of correspondence between Luther Manship, Sr., and Belmont Phelps Manship.

    Box 1, folders 1-14

  2. Diaries. 1864; 1874; 1891; 1918-1919. 4 folders.

    This series contains three diaries: an account of Charles Henry Manship, Sr.’s trip to Scotland in 1874; an autobiography entitled "Record of C. H. Manship," which was written in 1891; and the World War I diary of Luther Manship, Jr.

    Box 2, folders 1-3
    Box 16, folder 5

  3. Manuscripts. 1851; 1892; 1894; 1896; 1899; 1901-1902; 1915; 1934; n.d. 7 folders.

    This series contains a wide variety of manuscript materials, the bulk of which is poetry that was composed by Luther Manship, Sr.

    Box 2, folders 4-8 (1851; 1892-1899; 1902; 1915; 1934; n.d.)
    Box 7, folders 5-6 (1894; 1901-1902; n.d.)

  4. Speeches. 1892; 1908; 1930; n.d. 3 folders.

    This series contains speeches of Charles Henry Manship, Sr., Luther Manship, Sr., Luther Manship, Jr., and Belmont Phelps Manship.

    Box 2, folders 9-11

  5. Photographs. 1861; 1867-1872; 1875; 1877-1878; 1880-1882; 1885-1888; 1890-1891; 1899-1900; 1902-1923; 1927; 1937-1938; 1940; 1942; 1944-1945; 1947; 1952; 1969; 1971; n.d. 8 boxes.

    This large series contains a wide variety of photographs dating from before the Civil War until the early 1970s. The photographs consist of both portraits and candid shots with subjects ranging from Luther Manship’s World War I homecoming to Paul Manship’s sculptures. There are a few ambrotypes, daguerreotypes, and tintypes.

    Box 3
    Box 4
    Box 5
    Box 6
    Box 7
    Box 8 (restricted)
    Box 16
    Box 17

  6. Land Records. 1876; 1892; 1906; 1909-1916; 1969; 1978. 5 folders.

    This series contains documentation related to the Manship House. It also contains various deeds and a copy of the form nominating the Manship House for the National Register of Historic Places.

    Box 9, folders 1-4
    Box 6, folder 4 (1876 indenture from Adeline Manship to the state of Mississippi)

  7. Estate Records. 1909; 1933-1937; 1939-1944; 1948. 3 folders.

    This series contains the wills of Kate Manship and Florence Reed.

    Box 9, folders 5-7

  8. Business Records. 1904-1908. 2 volumes.

    This series contains a business ledger created by Dudley Phelps and a ledger documenting the finances of "Women’s Exchange Work."

    Box 9, two volumes

  9. School Material. 1876-1877; 1893; 1916-1917. 3 folders; 4 volumes.

    This series contains report cards and notes taken by Belmont Phelps Manship while she attended Whitworth College in Brookhaven, Mississippi, and McComb City Collegiate Institute in McComb, Mississippi. It also contains notes on English history probably taken by Charles Phelps Manship, a 1916 Bobashela, the Millsaps College annual, and a 1917 copy of The Purple and White, the Millsaps College newspaper.

    Box 9, folders 8-9 (1876; 1893)
    Box 19, three volumes (chemistry notes, 1877; natural philosophy notes, 1877; Bobashela 1916)
    Box 16, folder 6 (The Purple and White, 1917)
    Box 20, one volume (chemistry notes, 1877)

  10. Club Records. 1874-1875; 1935-1977. 4 folders.

    This series contains minutes of the Hall of Greener Dramatic Club dating from 1874 to 1875 and photocopies of two scrapbooks of the Pioneer Club of Jackson.

    Box 9, folders 10-13

  11. Certificates and Awards. 1862-1865; 1877-1878; 1880; 1890; 1892; 1898; 1905; 1910; 1928-1929; 1935; 1937; 1941-1943; 1948; 1951; 1957; n.d. 9 folders.

    This series contains a wide range of certificates and awards received by several generations of Manships. Of particular interest are Charles Henry Manship’s commission as postmaster of Jackson, Mississippi, signed by Confederate president Jefferson Davis; Manship’s pardon for his participation in the Civil War; and a disability discharge for Confederate private John Moore.

    Box 9, folders 14-17
    Box 17, folders 4-8

  12. Genealogical Records. 1883; 1978; n.d. 3 boxes.

    This series contains genealogical records, including two family trees that trace the Manship and Phelps families back to the late eighteenth century.

    Box 9, folder 18
    Box 10
    Box 11

  13. Cards, Invitations, and Funeral Notices. 1874-1875; 1877-1879; 1881; 1883; 1888; 1903; 1941; n.d. 7 folders.

    This collection contains miscellaneous cards and invitations. It also contains funeral notices for Adeline Daley Manship and Elizabeth Phelps.

    Box 12, folders 1-7

  14. Programs. 1867-1913 (scattered); n.d. 2 folders.

    This series contains miscellaneous programs, including an advertisement for Luther Manship, Sr.’s "Evenings of Song and Story."

    Box 12, folders 8-9

  15. Commemorative Materials. 1887; 1891-1976 (scattered). 3 folders.

    This series contains material related to the construction of the Confederate monument that is located in front of the Charlotte Capers Building on State Street in Jackson, Mississippi. Belmont Phelps Manship played a significant role in the construction of the monument. Also included are plans for a bronze plaque for St. Andrew’s Episcopal Church in Jackson.

    Box 12, folders 10-11 (Confederate monument material)
    Box 21, folder 2 (plans for a bronze plaque, 1960)

  16. Broadsides, Newsclippings, and Scrapbooks. 1861; 1866-1960 (scattered); n.d. 15 folders; 1 volume.

    This series contains miscellaneous broadsides, newsclippings, and scrapbooks related to members of the Manship family.

    Box 7, folders 3-4 (travel record, 1893; Paul Manship papers, 1915-1929; n.d.)
    Box 12, folders 12-22 (broadsides, newsclippings, and scrapbooks)
    Box 16, folder 2 (publication and photograph, "Three Graces")
    Box 20, one volume (memory book, 1890-1919)
    Box 21, folder 1 (broadside, 1896)

  17. Books and Pamphlets. 1909; 1913-1914; ca. 1919; ca. 1944; 1956. 1 folder; 5 volumes.

    This series contains the following books and pamphlets: Brief History and Roster of 1099th Aero Squadron-October 13, 1917-January 15, 1918; Galloway Memorial Methodist Church, 1856-1956; Jackson’s Early History and 28 Years of Municipal Progress; Flowers of Friendship; Poor Richard’s Almanack; and The Story of the Other Wise Man.

    Box 12, folder 23 (Brief History and Roster of 1099th Aero Squadron …)
    Box 19, five volumes (Galloway Memorial Methodist Church, 1856-1956; Jackson’s Early History and 28 Years of Municipal Progress; Flowers of Friendship; Poor Richard’s Almanack; and The Story of the Other Wise Man)

  18. Sheet Music. 1847-1905 (scattered); n.d. 10 folders, 4 volumes.

    This series contains nineteenth- and early twentieth-century sheet music.

    Box 5, folder 8 (1869)
    Box 13, folders 1-4 (1847-1905; n.d.)
    Box 14, folder 1 (1859-1882; n.d.)
    Box 15, folders 1-3 (1853-1901)
    Box 16, folder 4 (n.d.)
    Box 18, three volumes (songbook of Frank Mayer, n.d.; Ideal Songs, 1883; songbook Souvenir of the Confederacy, 1885)
    Box 19, one volume (Our New Sunday School Song Book, New Life No. 2, n.d.)

  19. Miscellany. 1861; 1870; 1874-1875; 1886-1887; ca. 1901; 1939-1943; n.d. 8 folders.

    This series includes the following items: a Confederate army "Report of the Officer of the Guard on Duty, April 1, 1861, Mobile, Alabama"; "Saloon Passenger List of the Anchor Line Steamship Utopia, Glasgow to New York, August 15, 1874"; a copy of a partial map of the city of Jackson by Henry C. Daniel (1875); a "U.S. Army Record of Weather and Temperature Signals, Hermanville, Mississippi, August 1887"; and signatures of the senior class of Theta Kappa Omega (1939-1943).

    Box 5, folders 9-13 (1870-1943; n.d.)
    Box 6, folder 3 (map, 1875)
    Box 16, folder 8 (report, 1861)
    Box 21, folder 3 (Theta Kappa Omega, 1939-1943)

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